Radiocarbon Dating


  • Published : 2002.12.20


It is very important to determine the age of the Cultural Properties in archeology. In about 1950, W.F. Libby and a team of scientists at the University of Chicago developed the Radiocarbon Dating technique. Radiocarbon($^14$C) Dating is probably one of the most widely used and best known absolute dating methods. Radiocarbon ages are conventionally specified to the year 1950. This year is 0 BP year. BP is the initial of Before Present. The $^14$C within an organism is continually decaying into stable carbon isotopes. When $^14$C decays, it emits a $\beta$ - particle with an energy content of 156 KeV and becomes 14N. Only the $\beta$ - particle is detected by Liquid Scintillation Counting. $^14$C has a half life of 5730 years. It has been used to date samples as old as 50,000 years. Radiocarbon determinations can be obtained on organic material : wood, charcoal, shell, etc. The results of radiocarbon dating using Benzene Synthesizer and Liquid Scintillation Counter are KCP539 $4030\pm60$BP year, KCP540 $3980\pm60$BP year, KCP575 $4870\pm50$, KCP576 $100\pm50$BP year, KCP577 $130\pm50$BP yea and KCP578 $210\pm70$BP year.