A Study on the Self-Awareness of Infants

영아기 자아인식 능력에 관한 연구

  • 김양은 (경희대학교 생활과학연구소 아동연구센타) ;
  • 조복희 (경희대학교 생활과학부 아동학전공)
  • Received : 2001.09.30
  • Accepted : 2001.10.31
  • Published : 2002.04.01


The subjects of this study on self-awareness were sixty-four 8- to 30-month-old infants. They were tested with the "Behaviors Observed in Mirror Conditions" (Lewis & Brooks-Gunn, 1979; translated by Jong Moo Kim, 1989). Analyses were by descriptive statistics and ANOVA. Most infants responded when they saw their reflection in the mirror, and their self-awareness increased with age. Most infants under 17 months didn't respond before and after rouge was painted on their noses, but by 18- to 23-months, they started to show a response. Most of the infants older than 24 months noticed something unusual and tried to rub the rouge off when they saw their reflection. This study provides evidence that infants begin to show self-awareness after 18 months of age, and this self-awareness is well developed after 24 months of age.