- Volume 13 Issue 3
The Effect of the Solution-Focused Group Counseling on Self-esteem, Depression, and Hope of Unemployed Homeless Persons
해결중심 집단상담이 실직노숙자의 자아존중감, 우울 및 희망에 미치는 효과
Purpose: To examine the effect of the solution-focused group counseling on self-esteem. depression, and hope of unemployed homeless persons, and to develop a nursing intervention program designed to help rehabilitation of the unemployed homeless persons. Method: This study was conducted from July 14 to September 29, 2000, and May 4 to August 17, 2001. The subjects were 30 unemployed homeless persons residing in 1 shelter in Seoul, Korea. This study used a quasi-experimental, one-group pretest-posttest design. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, and paired t-test using SPSS WIN program. Results: 1) Self-esteem of the subjects increased significantly after the solution-focused group counseling (t=3.31, p=0.002). 2) Depression of the subjects decreased significantly after the solution-focused group counseling (t=2.05, p=0.046). 3) Hope of the subjects increased significantly after the solution-focused group counseling (t=2.65, p=0.011). Conclusion: The solution-focused group counseling may be considered as an effective nursing intervention program for the unemployed homeless persons by improving their self-esteem and hope as well as reducing their depression. However, the effects of the program should be further addressed through, a review study.