Effect of Phorbol ester on $K^+$channel in an G292 osteoblast-like cell

G292 세포에서 $K^+$통로에 대한 phorbol ester의 효과

  • Kim, Mi-Kyung (Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Su-Byung (Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University)
  • 김미경 (부산대학교 치과대학 교정학교실) ;
  • 박수병 (부산대학교 치과대학 교정학교실)
  • Published : 2002.06.01


In order to investigate the action mechanism of protein kinase C on $K^+$ channel in osteoblastic cell, effects of phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate on human osteoblast-like cells (G292) were studied by patch clamp technique with cell-attacked configuration. 111 this experiment, 45pS ion channel was dominant in G292 cell line according to their approximate conductances in symmetrical 140mM KCl saline at holding potential of 60mV. In torrent-voltage relationship, reversal potential was 5.5mV at the condition of potassium enriched saline in the pipette and -27 mV at the condition of standard extracellular saline In the pipette. Phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate 10nM increased the open probability of 45pS channel and staurosporine, an inhibitor of protein kinase C, suppressed this effect. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate moved the reversal potential of 45pS channel to more negative potential and increased the single channel current at the same membrame potential. In order to check the activation of protein kinase C in G292 cell by phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, western blot of protein kinase C was performed. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate $0.1{\mu}M$ translocated protein kinase C from cellular compartment to membrane compartment of the cell. These findings suggest that phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, one of phorbol esters, activate 45pS channel In G292 cell and affect cell membrane potential, that regulate cellular function.

본 연구는 조골세포의 특성을 가지고 있는 G292세포주를 이용하여 세포막 이온통로에 대한phorbol ester의 효과를 조사하여 protein kinase C (PCK)의 이온통로에 대한 작용기전을 밝히고자 하였다. Patch clamp 기법을 이용하여 G292 세포에서 cell-attached configuration으로 단일이온통로의 활동을 관찰하고 Phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu)의 효과를 관찰하였다. 안정상태 G292 세포에서 cell-attached 모드로 세포막의 단일이 온통로 활동을 관찰한 결과 45pS의 $K^+$통로가 특징 적으로 우세하였다. 유리 전극 내부에 세포내 액과 세포외 액을 사용하여 전류-전압의 관계를 조사한 결과, 세포내 액을 사용하는 경우에는 역전전압이 5.5mV이었으며 세포외액을 사용하는 경우에는 -27mV이었다. PDBu는 45pS의 이온통로를 10nM이상의 농도에서 이온통로의 열릴 확률을 증가시켰으며 PKC억제제인 staurosporine 10nM에 의하여 차단되는 특성을 보였다. PDBu는 45pS의 이온통로에 작용하여 전류-전압의 관계에서 역전전압을 음의 방향으로 이동시켰으며 동일한 막전압에서 단일이온통로의 전류 크기를 증가시켰다. G292세포에서 PDBu에 의하여 PKC가 활성화되는 것을 western blot으로 확인한 결과 PDBu 0.luM은 세포질에서 세포막으로 PKC translocation을 유의하게 증가시키는 것을 확인하였다. 이상의 결과는 G292세포에서 phorbol ester의 일종인 PDBu가 세포내 PKC를 활성화시켜 45pS의 이온통로를 활성화시키며 이러한 작용의 결과로 세포막전압의 변화가 세포의 기능을 조절할 것으로 사료된다.



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