Analysis of Proliferative Potentials in Meningiomas by Ki-67, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen, and Flow Cytometry

Ki-67, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen, Flow Cytometry를 이용한 수막종의 증식력 분석

  • Ahn, Jae Sung (Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Kim, Jeong Hoon (Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Kwun, Byung Duk (Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan)
  • 안재성 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울중앙병원 신경외과학교실) ;
  • 김정훈 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울중앙병원 신경외과학교실) ;
  • 권병덕 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울중앙병원 신경외과학교실)
  • Received : 2000.10.26
  • Accepted : 2001.04.26
  • Published : 2001.07.28


Objective : In this study, we investigated the relationship between the histologic grading of meningiomas and proliferative potentials determined by the Ki-67, proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and flow cytometry (FCM) with the aim of determining whether these potentials can be used as a parameter to the proliferative activity, in particular of atypical and malignant meningiomas. Methods : This study consisted of 47 meningiomas(6 malignant, 14 atypical, and random sampled 27 benign meningiomas). By immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67 and PCNA on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections, the anti-human rabbit polyclonal antibody against Ki-67 antigen and anti-PCNA monoclonal antibody(PC10) scores were counted. FCM was also performed on paraffin-embedded tissue using a selective staining technique for DNA. DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction, and proliferative index(PI)) were determined. Results : The results are summarized as follows ; 1) Proliferation rates as assessed by Ki-67 and PCNA closely correlated with the degree of anaplastic histologic features. 2) Proliferative potentials determined by FCM(S-phase fraction and PI) were not able to distinguish between benign and atypical/malignant meningiomas. 3) DNA ploidy was not a useful indicator of histologic grade in these tumors. 4) Proliferative potentials such as Ki-67 staining index(SI) and PCNA SI did not correlate with the ploidy pattern. 5) There was a linear correlation between Ki-67 SI and PCNA SI, but we could not find a correlation between Ki-67 SI and S-phase fraction or PI. Our results also did not show a statistically signficant correlation between PCNA SI and S-phse fraction or PI. Conclusions : We conclude that evaluation of the proliferative potentials with Ki-67 and PCNA is important as an additional factor for the prediction of malignancy in meningiomas. A dual study of Ki-67 and PCNA SIs on the same tissue might improve the accuracy with which the proliferative potential of a tumor can be predicted. We demonstrated that FCM in meningiomas is not valuable in predicting the behavior of these neoplasms, but we did observe a trend toward more malignancy with higher percent S-phase fraction and higher PI. Analysis of the S-phase fraction and PI might therefore be a useful tool to discriminate among histologic grades of meningiomas.