Study on Laminar Heat Transfer Enhancement by Twisted-Inserts

  • Published : 2001.06.01


In order to understand the laminar heat transfer enhancement by swirl flow, the effects of heat transfer in a circular pipe with twisted inserts are investigated experimentally. In the present study, a uniform heat flux condition is considered. Laminar heat transfer correlations are developed using least square fit method from surface temperature distributions of an electrically-heated pipe and flow properties. Average Nusselt number correlations with twisted inserts are expressed as a function of swirl parameter, Reynolds number and prand시 number. When the twisted ratio is 6.50, mean Nusselt number and friction factor increase by approximately 500% and 300%, respectively, compared with the values for a pipe without inserts.