- Volume 11 Issue 4
Chemical Components of Wid and Cultivated Horned Rampion, Phyteuma japonicum Miq.
영아자 (Phyteuma japonicum Miq)의 성분 조성
This research is to establish the basic data of the nutritive value and improve our diet. In the part of the leaf and stem of the wild and cultivated horned rampion (Phyteuma japonicum Mig), the components such as chemical compositon, vitamin C, free sugar, mineral, nucleotide and its related compounds, composition and free amino acid were analyzed one after another. Content of the crude lipids and proteins was determined much higher in its wildness than in its cultivated horned rampion; while, that of carbohydrates was higher in the former than in the latter. The content of vitamin C was retained higher in the leaf than in the stem horned rampion. And the content of calcium among the detected minerals was outstanding in all of the samples collected, and potassium and magnesium was the next ones in its order. The main components of free sugars in both the wild and cultivated horned rampion were glucose and fructose, and their content was higher in the stem than in the leaf. Nucleotide and its related compounds were identified with 5 kinds of nucieotides such as CMP, UMP, IMP, AMP and hypoxanthine (Hx), and the content of Hx and AMP was the highest I the wild and cultivated samples, respectively. In the composition amino acid of the wild horned rampion, glutamic acid, aspartic acid and phenylalanine was outstandingly abundant; while, such amino acid as methinone and proline was small and besides cysteine couldn't be detected in the stem. Total amounts of composition amino acid in the leaf was 2118.0 and 1120.1mg% in the wild and cultivated sample, respectively. In the free amino acid of horned rampion, the total amount ranged from 8.5 to 50.1mg.%, which were lower level than that of composition amino acid. But the number of free amino acid was 29 kinds, which was bigger in its number than that of composition amino acid detected 17 kinds.