A Study on Blend Effect of Fuel in Flame Spread Along An One-Dimensional Droplet Array

일차원 액적 배열의 화염 퍼짐에 있어서 연료의 혼합 효과에 관한 연구

  • 박정 (한국과학기술원 기계기술연구소) ;
  • 소림수소 (동북대학 유체과학연구소) ;
  • 신강숭 (동북대학 유체과학연구소)
  • Published : 1998.12.31


Experimental investigation on flame spread of blended fuel droplet arrays has been conducted for droplet diameters of 1.0mm and 0.75mm using high-speed chemiluminescence images of OH radical. The flame spread rate is measured with blended fuel composition, droplet diameter, and droplet spacing. Flame spread is categorized into two: a continuous mode and an intermittent one. There exist a limit droplet spacing, above which flame does not spread, and a droplet spacing of maximum flame spread, which is closely related to flame diameter. It is seen that flame spread rate is mainly dependent upon the relative position of flame zone within a droplet spacing. In case of large droplet, the increase of % volume of Heptane induces the shift of limit droplet spacing to a larger spacing since volatile Heptane plays a role of an enhancer of flame spread rate. In case of small droplet, the increase of % volume of Heptane leads to the shift of limit droplet spacing to a smaller droplet spacing. This is so because of the delayed chemical reaction time by the rapid increase of mass flux of fuel vapor for small droplet.