Another Evidence for Nitric Oxide as Mediator of Relaxation of Isolated Rabbit and Human Corpus Cavernosum

  • Chang, Ki-Churl (Department of Pharmacology, and Cardiovascular Research Institute, College of Midicine, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 발행 : 1994.08.01


To prove the hypothesis that NO- and N $O_2$-carrying molecules potentiate photorelaxation by generating NO, investigation was carried out using isolated rabbit and human corpus cavernosum. Corporal smooth muscle, in the presence or absence of endothelium, relaxed only slightly upon ultraviolet light (366 nm) irradiation. But, NO-and/or N $O_2$-containing compounds such as streptozotocin and $N^{G}$-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester significantly (p<0.01) enhanced photorelaxation in this tissue. In addition, $N^{G}$-nitro-D-arginine methyl ester, known to lack inhibitory action on NO synthase, showed concentration-dependent potentiation of the photorelaxation. Oxygen radical generating system via copper+ascorbic acid and guanylate cyclase inhibitor, methylene blue, significantly (p<0.05) inhibited the streptozotocin-potentiated photorelaxation. Nitrite was accumulated by photolysis of streptozotocin, $N^{G}$-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and $N^{G}$-nitro-D-arginine methyl ester, in a concentration and exposure time dependent manner. These observations indicate that NO is a potent relaxant of rabbit and human corpus cavernosum and further support the hypothesis that NO is released by photolysis from NO- and N $O_2$-carrying molecules.lecules.