Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of R-134a and A Preliminary Study of the Refrigeration Performance

R-134a의 열역학적 물성치 계산과 냉동 성능에 관한 연구

  • 박영무 (아주대학교 공과대학 기계공학과) ;
  • 이홍원 (삼성전자종합연구소)
  • Published : 1991.09.01


The thermodynamic properties of R134a, the prospective R12 alternative, have been computerized using Martin-Hou equation of state and the coefficients given by Willson-Basu. Several experimental results in literatures for PVT data, saturated vapor pressure, saturated liquid density are compared with the calculated results to investigate the accuracy. The average deviation (max. deviation) is 0.13% (0.25%) for saturated liquid density, 0.25% (0.8%) for PVT data. Thermodynamic properties, enthalpy, entropy are compared with the NIST's. The maximum percent difference is 3% for saturated liquid enthalpy, 1.5% for saturated vapor enthalpy, 4% saturated liquid entropy, and 0.7% for saturated vapor entropy. Correction of W-B's coefficients and inclusion of the sixth term of M-H EOS for improvement of accuracy are recommended. R134a and R12 are compared with respect to refrigeration performance. COP's are different from each other within 3%. Refrigeration effect of R134a is superior to that of R12 but refrigeration capacity of R134a is inferior to that of R12 because the volumetric efficiency of the system using R134a is lower than that of the system using R12.