- Volume 2 Issue 1
Ship designers make every efforts to get faster ships in accordance with the development of the Naval Architecture. But for the speed lying over factor length ratio 2.5-3.0, we could put a powerful engine into the conventional round bottom displacement type vessels, but it is very difficult in view point of economy, weight and volume. The principal cause of these speed obstacles is the wave making resistance and researchers are trying to decrease this resistance. One of the resolving ways, planing hulls were applied to small high boats. Planing hull's advantage is not restricted to speed, but the workmanship of the planing hull is easier than those of displacement type vessels of round bottom. Planing hull, therefore, are widely applicable to the intermediate speed boats, which don't have enough high speed to take planing advantage, as well as high speed boats. We will discuss related phenomena of the planing hull in details and this paper we particularly interested in the interjection point(speed length ratio 3.0-3.5 by Mr. D. De Groots) between semi-planing and full planing hulls on the resistance characteristic curve. The paper by Prof. Keuck Chun Kim, "Some Characteristics of Straight Framed V-bottom Hull Forms", Journal of the society of Naval Architects of Korea, Vol.1, No.1, Dec.5, 1964, is referred to the V-bottom hull forms belonging to low speed region and determines practical applicable limit of the speed length ratio combined with construction costs, under which are still used by large commercial vessels. This is the interesting contrast between his and authors. We will further discuss the speed length ratio which is considered as a beginning point to planing effect. For this analysis, we choose 3 model ships: Model (1) and (2) have the same principal dimensions, model 3 varied dimension. Model (1) is full-planing hull, (2) is semi-planing hull and (3) is complete planing hull. They are aimed to collect proper design data for purposed ships.