Flame-Vortex Interaction and Mixing in Turbulent Hydrogen Diffusion Flames with Coaxial Air

동축공기 수소확산화염에서 화염-와류 상호작용 및 혼합

  • 김문기 (서울대학교 기계항공공학부 대학원) ;
  • 오정석 (서울대학교 기계항공공학부 대학원) ;
  • 최영일 (서울대학교 기계항공공학부 대학원) ;
  • 윤영빈 (서울대학교 기계항공공학부 대학원)
  • Published : 2007.11.30


This study examines the effect of acoustic excitation using forced coaxial air on the flame characteristics of turbulent hydrogen nonpremixed flames. A resonance frequency was selected to acoustically excite the coaxial air jet due to its ability to effectively amplify the acoustic amplitude and reduce flame length and NOx emissions. Acoustic excitation causes the flame length to decrease by 15 % and consequently, a 25 % reduction in EINOx is achieved, compared to a flame without acoustic excitation. Moreover, acoustic excitation induces periodical fluctuation of the coaxial air velocity, thus resulting in slight fluctuation of the fuel velocity. From phase-lock PIV and OH PLIF measurement, the local flow properties at the flame surface were investigated under acoustic forcing. During flame-vortex interaction in the near field region, the entrainment velocity and the flame surface area increased locally near the vortex. This increase in flame surface area and entrainment velocity is believed to be a crucial factor in reducing flame length and NOx emission in coaxial jet flames with acoustic excitation. Local flame extinction occurred frequently when subjected to an excessive strain rate, indicating that intense mass transfer of fuel and air occurs radially inward at the flame surface.