A study on flow characteristics in a partially filled open channel

비만관 개수로 유동 특성 연구

  • 최중근 (서울산업대학교 에너지환경대학원) ;
  • 성재용 (서울산업대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 이명호 (서울산업대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 이석종 (서울산업대학교 에너지환경대학원)
  • Published : 2006.12.01


Flow rate measurement is one of the difficult problems in the industrial applications. Especially, flow rate in a partially filled pipeline is affected by many parameters such as water level, channel slop, etc. In the present study, prior to the development of a flowmeter, the flow characteristics has been investigated by particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements. Three-dimensional velocity distributions were obtained from sectional measurements of velocity profiles according to the water level. As a result, it is found that there is no similarity in the velocity profile when the lateral position is changed. In addition, the maximum velocity does not always occur on the free surface. It depends on the water level. In the aspect of flow rate measurement, the previous calculus based upon point measurement techniques is proved to be inaccurate because of the lack of whole flow information.