• Title, Summary, Keyword: government departments

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Digital Diplomacy via Social Networks: A Cross-National Analysis of Governmental Usage of Facebook and Twitter for Digital Engagement

  • Ittefaq, Muhammad
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2019
  • Over the last couple of years, digital diplomacy has become a fascinating area of research among Mass Communication, Peace and Conflict Studies, and International Affairs scholars. Social media and new technology open up new avenues for governments, individuals, and organizations to engage with foreign audiences. However, developing countries' governments are still lacking in the realization of the potential of social media. This study aims to analyze the usage of social media (Facebook & Twitter) by the two biggest countries in South Asia (Pakistan and India). I selected 10 government officials' social media accounts including prime ministers', national press offices', military public relations offices', public diplomacy divisions', and ministries of foreign offices' profiles. The study relies on quantitative content analysis and a comparative research approach. The total number of analyzed Twitter tweets (n=1,015) and Facebook posts (n=1,005) include 10 accounts, five from each country. In light of Kent and Taylor's (1998) dialogic communication framework, the results indicate that no digital engagement and dialogue occurs between government departments and the public through social networking sites. Government departments do not engage with local or foreign audiences through digital media. When comparing both countries, results reveal that India has more institutionalized and organized digital diplomacy. In terms of departmental use of social media, the digital diplomacy division and foreign office of India is more active than other government departments in that nation. Meanwhile, Pakistan's military public relations office and press office is more active than its other government departments. In conclusion, both countries realize the potential of social media in digital diplomacy, but still lack engagement with foreign audiences.

An Evaluative Research on the Web Information Services of Korean Government Websites (전자정부 구현을 위한 정부기관의 웹 정보제공에 대한 평가 - 중앙 행정부처의 웹사이트 평가를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Myeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.247-267
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    • 2005
  • This study measures the effectiveness of 39 Korean Government websites in providing equitable and appropriate government information to the public. 39 government web sites were divided into two groups, 21 "departments or ministries" and 18 "offices". Five evaluation criteria were information contents of services, fluent operation of services, feedback mechanism, easiness of access, and design. The study showed that there are some different results between 21 "departments or ministries" and 18 "offices". Most information services provided by Government websites were slightly moderately appreciated by the researchers. Some problems and resolutions for the improvement of government websites are provided. Also, some suggestions for the government website designers and administrators are made.

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Development of Human Resources at universities for training of specialist in security industries - based on Departments related Security services - (경호·경비분야 전문인력양성을 위한 대학 인적자원개발 - 경호관련학과를 중심으로 -)

  • Kwon, Tae-Il
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2006
  • With rapid social change, security industries were diversified and universities related total security service were founded for training of specialist with a theory and practical affairs. Today, universities must provide an education which fits to job characteristics in rapidly changing society. Also students through this education must find their job properly. The purposes of this study, therefore, are to search a career selection of students majoring in total security service related departments and to study a role of universities for development of specialist related security industries. Revitalization plan of human resources for departments related security services are as follows ; roles of universities: a specialization of curriculum and a diversification of training method. 'academic-industrial cooperation', role of government: 'a legal and institutional policy on academic-industrial cooperation';. Universities, cooperations, government must cooperate mutually for development of specialist related security service field.

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A Survey on Long-Term Preservation of Composite Electronic Records with Heterogeneous Electronic Records (이질적 전자기록물로 구성된 복합전자기록물 장기보존에 관한 연구 조사 및 분석)

  • Hwang, Yun-Young;Lee, Kyu-Chul
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2013
  • Since the introduction of e-Government in Korea, government departments and public sectors produced a diversity of electronic records. In addition, they generated new electronic records (we are called composite electronic records(CERs)) which are composed of disparate electronic records. Typical examples of CERs are the records of Social Network Services (SNS). Currently, most of the government departments in Korea uses the Facebook Page to announce their policy and to collect feedback from the people. In addition, many CERs are created and produced. However, the government of Korea has no preservation policies about CERs. It causes problems with losing or neglecting a lot of information. Therefore, we presented the type and the characteristics of CERs which are produced by government departments of Korea. Moreover, we analyze and represent the researches of CERs preservation. Finally, we proposed the mechanism to preserve of CERs in Korea.

The Present State and Major Courses of Clothing Related Departments in Specialized High Schools (특성화 고등학교 의상과의 현황 및 전문교과교육)

  • Yoo, Hye Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.188-201
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    • 2016
  • A Clothing Department is a major fields of specialized vocational high schools. Specialized high schools with clothing related departments are located in Seoul (4 schools), Busan (2), Incheon (3), Daejeon (1), Ulsan (1), Kangwondo (1), Kyungkido (1), Kyungsangbukdo (1) and Chungcheongbukdo (1). In these 15 specialized high schools, 92 classes of clothing departments are run by 72 clothing teachers with 2,459 students enrolled. The range of object of this study is 15 clothing related departments of specialized high schools and their titles are department of Fashion Design, Clothing Design, Clothing Art, Multi Fashion Design, Fashion Textile Design, and Global Design. They were investigated by literature from previous research and education statistics from the Korean Educational Development Institute (KEDI). Websites such as 'School Information', 'portal site of Specialized High School', 'Ministry of Education-Education Statistics and Information' were also searched. The homepages of specialized high schools with clothing department were also investigated respectively. In this study, current scale, employment rate of graduates, major courses, scale of teachers of clothing major of clothing department of specialized high school were analyzed. In 2015, employment rate and college enrollment rate of vocational high schools were 46.6% and 36.6% respectively, whereas employment rate and college enrollment rate of clothing departments four specialized High Schools were 39.9% and 45.8% respectively. The number of major courses of clothing departments are 12-15, and the main subjects of the curriculum were Fashion Design, Construction of Western Clothing, Construction of Korean Clothing, Textile Materials and Mangement and Computer Graphics. Major courses consist of 90-108 weekly lesson-hours for 6 semesters. Thanks to government projects to encourage specialized high schools, the educational environment has improved in areas of practice room equipment, industry connections, field training, internship, and scholarship funds. However, despite government projects to encourage education at specialized high schools, there is a need for a more flexible education system to enhance student creativity at specialized high schools.

ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH PROJECTS IN ASTRONOMY AND SPACE SCIENCE IN THE YEAR DURING 2004~05 (천문우주 분야의 2004~05년도 과제 현황분석)

  • Kim, Young-Soo;Kim, Sun-Woo;Sung, Hyun-Il;Kim, Byoung-Soo;Park, Jung-Han
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2007
  • Many departments in the governmental organization including Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) allocate some of their budget into research and development in astronomy and space science. We identify the research projects related to astronomy and space science that were funded by the government during fiscal years 2004-2005. Then the distribution of budgets of those projects is analyzed according to several classification schemes and characteristics in order to find out the status and trends of the investment in this field. Five departments had conducted more than 190 projects related to astronomy and space science, which accounted for 7.3% of the government R&D budget in space and aeronautics area. As for most fields of basic science, MOST and Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development invested the most of budget in astronomy related projects. We briefly discuss the implications of this study.

Efficiency Comparison and Performance Targets for Academic Departments in the Local Private College Using DEA (자료포락 분석을 이용한 지방 사립 전문대학교 학과의 효율성 비교 및 성과 달성 목표수준 정의)

  • Bae, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.298-312
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    • 2013
  • This paper compares efficiency results and performance targets for academic departments in a local private college using DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). Because of an aging society, a smaller school-age population entering colleges, and enhanced accreditation standards by the government, colleges and universities are not recruiting and retaining sufficient students and therefore are struggling for survival. In contrast to popular four-year undergraduate universities concentrated in Seoul and its satellite cities, retaining students is critical for the survival of local private colleges in poor or remote regions. Therefore, it is very important to identify the factors involved in the retention of students in the various departments of a college. However, given the different characteristics of the departments, it is difficult to identify one unique or robust set of standards to evaluate their performance. The purpose of this paper is to maximize student retention capabilities by ensuring that additional resources are assigned to efficient DMUs, while, inefficient DMUs are given benchmarked targets. Based on previous studies and college accreditation standards, this paper presents indices to be used in evaluating the efficiency of academic departments in a college. In evaluating relative efficiency, this paper uses the output-oriented BCC model. To define target levels to be achieved for efficient DMU, a multi-stage DEA procedure is used.

A Electronic Intergovernmental Relations(e-IGR) between the Central Government of Korea and the Seoul Metropolitan Government (전자정부에서 중앙-서울시 정부간 관계 (e-IGR) 에 대한 공무원 인식 현황과 평가)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Seong;Lee, Mi-Jeong
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.21-36
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    • 2004
  • This paper attempts to find a desirable way to effectively integrate the roles of the central government of Korea and the Seoul Metropolitan Government in terms of e-government environments. Electronic intergovernmental relations(e-IGR) are analyzed from the multiple perspectives such as technological, institutional, and behavioral aspect. Among these. this paper found that the behavioral aspect deserves more academic and policy interests. Both the horizontal and vertical integration among departments and agencies will enable the e-government to serve people better.

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Characteristics of non-emergent patients at emergency departments (응급실을 이용하는 비응급환자의 실태와 특성)

  • Chung, Seol-Hee;Yoon, Han-Deok;Na, Baeg-Ju
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.128-146
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this paper is to examine the proportion and characteristics of non-emergent patients at emergency departments. The observational survey was conducted using a structured form used by emergency medicine specialists or senior residents on June 7-20, 2005. 1,526 patients at ten emergency centers took part in this study. The structural form contained type of insurance, route and means of emergency department (ED) visit, triage based on the Manchester Triage Scale(MTS)-modified criteria, emergency level based on the government defined rule, type of emergency centers (Regional Emergency Medical Center; REMC, Local Emergency Medical Center; LEMC, Local Emergency Agency; LEA), as well as patient's general information. Data were analyzed using SAS statistical program(V.8.2). Descriptive analysis was performed to describe the magnitude of non-emergent patients. ${\chi}^2-analysis$ and logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the nonurgent patients' characteristics. In the MTS-modified criteria, we found a 15.3% rate of non-emergent patients. This rate differed from that of non-emergent patients obtained using government's rule. In particular, there were inaccuracies in the definition of government rule on non-emergent patients, so it is necessary to apply the new government rule regarding classification of non-emergent patients. There were significant differences in the rate of non-emergent patients according to type of ED, means of ED visit, time to visit, and insurance. Non-emergent patients are more likely to visit a D-type ED(LEA having less than 20,000 patients annually), not to use ambulance, to have 'Automobile Insurance, Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance, or pay out-of-pocket'. Non-emergent patients tend to visit ED due to illness rather than injury. Further studies on the development' of triage scale and reexamination of the government's rule on emergency visits are required for future policy in this area.

The countermeasures for industrial accident prevention (긴급제언 - 산업재해예방대책)

  • Park, Mu Il
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2012
  • Recent industrial accident prevention measures suggested by the Ministry of Employment and Labor. So Results are expected to reduce the casualties and economic losses by the Industrial Accident Prevention. However, goals will not easy. Because the problem that requires the participation of government departments solve the underlying problems is not considered. Therefore, the active participation of the government and society as a whole is needed.

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