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Comparison of Topology Based-Routing Protocols in Wireless Network

Sharma, Vikas;Ganpati, Anita

  • Received : 2019.04.26
  • Accepted : 2019.06.08
  • Published : 2019.06.30

Abstract

VANET (Vehicular Ad-hoc Network) is a mobile Ad-hoc Network which deals with the moving vehicles. VANET supports Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) which is related to different modes of transport and traffic management techniques. VANETs enabled users to be informed and make them safer. VANET uses IEEE 802.11p standard wireless access protocol for communication. An important and necessary issue of VANET is to design routing protocols. In a network, communication takes place by the use of the routing protocols. There are mainly two types of communications used such as Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) in VANET. Vehicles can send and receive messages among them and also to and from infrastructure used. In this paper, AODV, DSR and DSDV are compared by analysing the results of simulation on various metrics such as average throughput, instant throughput, packet delivery ratio and residual energy. Findings indicates utilization of AODV and DSR is more applicable for these metrics as compared to DSDV. A network simulator (NS2) is used for simulation.

Keywords

AODV (Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector);DSR (Dynamic Source Routing);DSDV (Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector);NS2 (Network Simulator 2);VANET (Vehicular Ad-hoc Network)