Effects of sound absorbent gypsum board in the ceiling on low-frequency heavyweight floor impact sound

흡음 석고보드 천장재에 의한 저주파 중량 바닥충격음의 저감 효과

  • Received : 2018.07.19
  • Accepted : 2018.09.20
  • Published : 2018.09.30


This study investigated effects of absorbent gypsum board in the ceiling on low-frequency heavyweight floor impact sound through sound absorption coefficient and floor impact sound measurement. The sound absorption coefficients were measured with sound absorbent gypsum board, glass wool on gypsum board, and a double panel absorbent gypsum board (absorbent gypsum board + glass wool + absorbent gypsum board). Result showed that the absorbent gypsum board had sound absorption coefficient of 0.1 ~ 0.7 from 200 and 630 Hz octave band. The sound absorption coefficient was increased in all frequency range by adding glass wool. Additional absorbent gypsum board increased sound absorption coefficient up to 250 Hz octave band, but decreased over 250 Hz. Heavyweight floor impact sounds were measured in test building for three materials above, gypsum board, and bare slab. Result showed that glass wool on gypsum board and a double panel absorbent gypsum board reduced by 3 dB ~ 4 dB (single number quantity) heavyweight floor impact sound. Comparing with bare slab condition, floor impact sound reduction was mainly found from 125 Hz to 500 Hz octave band, and the maximum reduction was shown in the 250 Hz octave band.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. K. W. Kim, J. S. Kang, S. E. Lee, and K. S. Yang, "Floor impact sound isolation performance by composition of ceiling and wall," Trans. KSNVE. 15, 465-473 (2005).
  2. S. H. Lee, G. C. Jeong, and J. Y. Chung, "Vibration isolation effect of floor impact sound by ceiling structure," Trans. KSNVE. 257-260 (2004).
  3. H. G. Park and D. H. Mun, "Characteristics of floor impact noise insulation for no hanger ceiling structure in apartment building," Trans. KSNVE. 208-213 (2014).
  4. K. H. Kim, J. K. Ryu, and J. Y. Jeon, "Development of perforated ceiling structures to reduce floor impact sound," J. Korean Institute of Architectural Sustainable Environment and Building Systems, 9, 34-39 (2015).
  5. N. G. Gi, M. J. Song, G. S. Jang, and S. W. Kim, "A study on the reduction characteristics of floor impact sound due to the ceiling frame structures in apartments," Architectural Institute of Korea, 21, 505-508 (2001).
  6. C. G. Cho, Y. K. Baik, and I. S. Shin, "An experimental study of improvement of ceiling structure for reducing floor impact sound in existing apartment buildings," The Korean Society of Living Environmental System 9, 38-44 (2002).
  7. J. K. Ryu, H. S. Song, and Y. H. Kim, "Effect of the suspended ceiling with low-frequency resonant panel absorber on heavyweight floor impact sound in the building," Building and Environment 139, 1-7 (2018).
  8. J. H. Jeong, B. K. Lee, J. O. Yeon, and J. Y. Jeon, "Floor impact sound pressure level characteristics by the change of reverberation time in mock-up test rooms," Trans. KSNVE. 24, 339-347 (2014).
  9. KS F 2805, Measurement of Sound Absorption in a Reverberation Room, 2014.
  10. KS F 2810-2, Field Measurements of Floor Impact Sound Insulation of Buildings - Part 2: Method Using Standard Heavy Impact Sources, 2012.